8 Vital Queries for Supplier Due Diligence in China

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As more and more businesses turn their focus towards China for affordable manufacturing and a wealth of raw materials, it becomes crucial to validate the credibility of prospective Chinese suppliers. Comprehensive due diligence and background checks serve as the roadmap to assess the supplier’s legal legitimacy, financial soundness, and trustworthiness. This information can stave off potential risks, ensure compliance with legal standards, and preserve a business’s intellectual property rights.

Here we present eight critical questions you must consider when conducting due diligence for Chinese suppliers. Answering these questions can secure financial and reputational integrity, guarantee top-notch supply chain operations, and safeguard your intellectual property.


Essential Queries for Chinese Supplier Due Diligence

1. What are the basics of their business? 

You should be able to authenticate the supplier’s official name, registered address, contact information, operational status, and business scope.

2. Is the supplier a legally registered entity in China? 

Chinese businesses are officially registered under their Chinese names. Ensure the supplier’s legal registration with the State Administration for Market Regulation or other competent authorities.

3. What’s the supplier’s credibility and reputation in the market? 

Scrutinize their credit rating, business performance, and overall reputation in the market to gauge their trustworthiness.

4. Who owns the supplier, and are there any subsidiaries or affiliated companies? 

Unraveling the ownership structure, identifying key stakeholders, and understanding any connections with other companies can provide valuable insight into the supplier’s operations.

5. What is the nature of their business operations, and do they have any qualifications? 

Familiarity with their operational processes, facilities, equipment, quality control mechanisms, and industry-specific certifications can prove insightful.

6. Does the supplier have any previous legal or enforcement issues? 

Look into their history for any legal disputes or regulatory violations to identify any potential red flags.

7. Is the supplier compliant with regulations, and what are their assets? 

Assess their adherence to relevant regulations, including those pertaining to environmental, safety, and labor laws, and evaluate the value of their assets.

8. How does the supplier handle intellectual property rights? 

Get an overview of what the supplier owns when it comes to intellectual property, like patents and trademarks, to ensure they do not have a history of misusing, replicating, or protecting the IP of their customers.


The Importance of Intellectual Property Protection

Securing your intellectual property is crucial when engaging with Chinese suppliers. This process involves ensuring that your proprietary information, such as product designs or manufacturing methods, is sufficiently safeguarded from unauthorized usage or replication. Including strict intellectual property clauses in contracts written in Chinese, adapted to Chinese law with the jurisdiction set to China, will significantly enhance your protection level.



Comprehensive due diligence is an indispensable component of forming a relationship with Chinese suppliers. By meticulously answering these key questions, businesses can mitigate risks, secure regulatory compliance, protect their intellectual property, and foster reliable and quality-assured supply chain relationships. Despite the challenges, the process can unlock significant benefits, making it a worthwhile investment for those looking to source from Chinese suppliers.


Frequently Asked Questions

1. Why is due diligence necessary when sourcing from Chinese suppliers?

Due diligence is essential to assess a supplier’s legal status, financial health, and overall credibility. This helps to mitigate potential risks, ensure compliance with legal standards, protect your intellectual property, and maintain high-quality supply chain operations.

2. What is the significance of understanding a supplier’s ownership structure?

Understanding a supplier’s ownership structure can offer valuable insight into the supplier’s operations. It can reveal potential conflicts of interest, dependencies on certain stakeholders, or links to other companies that may affect the supplier’s reliability.

3. Why is it important to review a supplier’s history of litigation or enforcement actions?

Reviewing a supplier’s history of litigation or enforcement actions can reveal past legal disputes or regulatory violations, providing a clearer picture of their compliance with laws and regulations and their risk level.

4. How can I protect my intellectual property when dealing with Chinese suppliers?

You can protect your intellectual property by protecting it yourself as soon as possible, as China has a first to file system where does who register it in China owns it there. You should also include strict intellectual property clauses in your contracts to ensure that the supplier won’t use or replicate your proprietary information without explicit authorization.

5. What does it mean to assess a supplier’s compliance with regulations and assets?

Assessing a supplier’s compliance with regulations means checking their adherence to environmental, safety, and labor laws. Assessing their assets involves evaluating the value of their tangible and intangible assets, like property, equipment, and intellectual property.

6. What kind of information should I expect to find during due diligence?

During due diligence, you should gather a variety of information, including the supplier’s general business information, legal status, creditworthiness, ownership structure, business operations, any history of litigation or enforcement actions, compliance with regulations, and their approach to intellectual property rights.


Contact us if you need help with background investigation of Chinese companies, protecting patents, protecting trademarks, verification of contracts to the law in China, or help with other legal challenges that you have in China.

If you require our assistance or have further questions about our services, please do not hesitate to contact our Customer Relationship Manager, Jan Erik Christensen, at janerik@ncbhub.com. We look forward to hearing from you and helping your business succeed in China.