Mastering the Chinese Trademark Opposition Process: A 7-Step Guide


In an era where your brand’s distinct identity is a powerful asset, safeguarding it is crucial. This protection can entail challenging registered trademarks in key markets, like China, that may infringe on your rights. The Chinese trademark opposition process might seem challenging, especially for those new to Chinese trademark law. Yet, the process becomes more manageable with a clear understanding of the steps involved. This detailed guide explains how to file an opposition application against a trademark in China. 


Step 1: Thorough Trademark Search: Foundation of Your Challenge

The initial phase of challenging a trademark in China necessitates a detailed trademark search. Conducting this search is critical to identifying if the disputed trademark overlaps with any registered trademarks. This information can offer invaluable insights that could significantly impact your approach to the challenge.


Step 2: Filing an Opposition Application: A Time-Sensitive Task

Following your trademark search, the process moves on to filing an opposition application. Please note that an opposition application is only feasible if the disputed trademark has been declared open for the opposition. You have a limited period of three months from the date of the trademark’s publication to file this application with the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board (TRAB). This constraint underscores the necessity for swift, well-timed action.


Step 3: Preparing a Convincing Cancellation Application: Crafting a Compelling Case

Should you proceed with a cancellation application, the requirement is to present a persuasive case that convincingly demonstrates the registered trademark’s invalidity. Solid evidence, such as showing remarkable similarity to your mark or showcasing instances of unethical acquisition of the trademark, is necessary. Meticulous preparation and robust evidence can highlight the violation of your rights and enhance the strength of your cancellation application.


Step 4: Preparing for the TRAB Hearing: A Key Step

Once you have lodged your opposition or cancellation application, preparing for a TRAB hearing is essential. During this hearing, you will have the opportunity to provide your evidence and articulate your arguments. These hearings enable a thorough evaluation of your case, thereby stressing the importance of a well-prepared case presentation.


Step 5: Navigating the TRAB Hearing: Make Your Case

The TRAB hearing is your opportunity to make your case directly. It’s crucial to present your evidence clearly and articulate your arguments persuasively. During this phase, your preparation and communication skills can significantly impact the outcome. Remember, this is your chance to bring your evidence to life and counter any opposing arguments.


Step 6: Appealing the TRAB’s Decision: Asserting Your Rights

If you find the TRAB’s decision unfavorable, you retain the right to file an appeal. This appeal must be presented to a People’s Court within 30 days of receiving TRAB’s decision. The court will conduct a rigorous review leading to a final verdict. The necessity for quick action during this stage cannot be overstated.


Step 7: Following Up Post-Hearing: Stay Involved

After the appeal process, it’s important to stay involved. Monitor the implementation of the court’s decision to ensure that your rights are respected. This ongoing engagement allows you to address any further disputes or non-compliance with the verdict promptly.



Embarking on a trademark challenge in China undoubtedly requires careful planning, robust evidence, and compelling arguments. Yet, a thorough understanding of the process, strategic planning, and professional China legal counsel can significantly amplify your prospects of success. If the process seems daunting or you need more advice, consider engaging a legal expert specializing in Chinese trademark law. Their expertise can be an invaluable asset in steering you through this complex process.



1. Who can file a trademark opposition in China? Any individual or organization believing a registered trademark infringes upon their rights can file an opposition.

2. What is the time frame for filing an opposition application? The opposition application should be filed within three months from the publication date of the disputed trademark.

3. What if the deadline for filing an opposition application is missed? If you miss the deadline, you may lose the chance to oppose at this stage. However, you can still file a cancellation application within five years of the trademark’s registration.

4. Can an unfavorable TRAB decision be appealed? Yes. You can file an appeal with a People’s Court within 30 days of receiving TRAB’s decision.

5. Can the process be managed independently, or is professional help recommended? While the process can be navigated independently, it is often beneficial to seek the assistance of a legal professional specializing in Chinese trademark law due to its intricacy. Their guidance can help you navigate the process more effectively and increase the chances of a successful outcome.



Contact us if you need legal help in China, like help with the Chinese trademark opposition Process, protection of copyright, verifying Chinese companies, checking business licenses, drafting contracts that follow Chinese law, background investigation of Chinese companies, protecting patents, trademarks, and verification of contracts to the law in China, etc.

If you require our assistance or have further questions about our services, please do not hesitate to contact our Customer Relationship Manager, Jan Erik Christensen, at We look forward to hearing from you and helping your business succeed in China.

Contact us if you need help with drafting of contracts that follows Chinese laws and are enforceable in China, background investigation of Chinese companiesprotecting patents, trademarks, verification of contracts to the law in China, or help with other legal challenges that you have in China.

If you require our assistance or have further questions about our services, please do not hesitate to contact our Customer Relationship Managers Jan Erik Christensen, at  or Milla Chen, at We look forward to hearing from you and helping your business succeed in China.