How to Prepare and Structure a Robust Manufacturing Contract in China

Navigating the intricacies of manufacturing in China can be complex but rewarding. A well-structured contract serves as the foundation for a harmonious business relationship. Here’s how you can craft a robust manufacturing contract, emphasizing the importance of molding protection and the usage of the Chinese language.

1. Clear Definition of Product Specifications:

Begin with a comprehensive definition of product specifications. Detail everything from materials and tolerances to finishing processes and quality control measures. This clarity helps in preventing potential disputes.

2. Protecting Your Moldings:

Molds and toolings can be significant investments. Make sure the contract specifies who owns the molds, their maintenance responsibility, and the terms if you decide to move production or end the relationship. Protecting your moldings ensures that they won’t be used to produce unauthorized products, safeguarding your brand’s uniqueness.

3. Quality Control & Inspection:

Set forth clear terms for quality control and inspection. Clearly state who conducts inspections, when, and based on which standards. International quality benchmarks can guide these standards for consistency.

4. Intellectual Property (IP) Protection:

The Chinese market can be tricky regarding IP protection. Clearly determine in the contract who retains the rights to designs, trademarks, and other IPs. Utilize China-specific contracts like Non-Use, Non-Disclosure, and Non-Circumvention (NNN) agreements for a stronger shield against potential infringements.

5. Pricing and Payment Terms:

Outline all terms related to pricing and payments. This includes volume-based incentives, acceptable payment methods, timelines, and default or delay provisions.

6. Termination Clauses:

Detail the conditions that allow for contract termination. These can range from consistent failure to meet quality standards to delays or non-payment.

7. Arbitration in China:

In case of disputes, ensuring arbitration occurs in China is vital. This ensures the resolution process aligns with local legal expertise and increases the chances of a favorable outcome that’s enforceable within the country.

8. The Power of the Chinese Language:

While having a bilingual contract is vital, making the Chinese version the prevailing document enhances enforceability. Chinese courts tend to give more weight to contracts written in their native language, making any legal procedures smoother and more transparent. By using Chinese in your contracts, you avoid translation problems and lower enforceability in the courts in China.

9. Penalties and Remedies:

Clearly spell out the penalties for any breaches in the contract, whether they stem from delayed deliveries, subpar quality, or other disagreements.

10. Continuous Review and Adaptation:

Considering the dynamic nature of the Chinese business landscape, incorporate clauses for regular contract reviews. This allows for adaptations to evolving business scenarios, ensuring the contract remains relevant. The contract should be adapted to Chinese contract law to make it enforceab le in China.


Building a manufacturing contract in China that’s both robust and adaptable demands attention to detail and an understanding of local nuances. By focusing on critical aspects like molding protection and using the Chinese language in your agreement, you’re ensuring smoother operations and protecting your assets and investments in the long run. Always seek expert advice when venturing into such contracts to solidify your position further.

FAQs on Crafting Manufacturing Contracts in China

Q1. Why is it so crucial to protect moldings in the manufacturing contract? Answer: Moldings often represent a significant investment and are essential to producing your unique product. Protecting them ensures that they are not used to manufacture unauthorized products, which can harm your brand and market position.

Q2. How does the Chinese language in the contract enhance its enforceability? Answer: Chinese courts typically give more weight to contracts written in their native language. A contract primarily in Chinese aligns better with local legal expertise, ensuring smoother legal processes and more transparent interpretations.

Q3. What is the significance of NNN agreements? Answer: NNN agreements (Non-Use, Non-Disclosure, and Non-Circumvention) offer an additional layer of protection, especially in the Chinese market. They ensure the manufacturer cannot use, disclose, or bypass the client to sell the product directly, safeguarding your business interests.

Q4. Why is it recommended to have arbitration in China? Answer: Arbitrating disputes in China increases the likelihood of obtaining a favorable outcome that can be effectively enforced. Foreign judgments can be challenging to implement in China, whereas local courts tend to respect decisions from domestic arbitrations.

Q5. How often should the manufacturing contract be reviewed? Answer: While there’s no strict rule, given the evolving nature of the Chinese business environment, it’s advisable to review the contract annually or whenever there are significant changes in business operations, regulations, or market conditions.

Q6. In case of discrepancies, which version of the contract prevails – English or Chinese? Answer: While both versions are considered official, it’s generally recommended that the Chinese version takes precedence, as this enhances the contract’s enforceability in local courts.

Q7. If I move production from one manufacturer to another, can I take my moldings with me? Answer: The ability to move moldings depends on the terms stated in your contract. Ensure your contract clearly states your ownership and the terms of transferring or moving moldings to protect your interests.

Contact us if you need legal help in China, like drafting contracts that follow Chinese law, background investigation of Chinese companies, protecting patents, trademarks, copyright, and verification of contracts to the law in China, help with trade disputes and IP disputes in China, etc.

If you require our assistance or have further questions about our services, please do not hesitate to contact our Customer Relationship Manager, Jan Erik Christensen, at We look forward to hearing from you and helping your business succeed in China.

Contact us if you need help with drafting of contracts that follows Chinese laws and are enforceable in China, background investigation of Chinese companiesprotecting patents, trademarks, verification of contracts to the law in China, or help with other legal challenges that you have in China.

If you require our assistance or have further questions about our services, please do not hesitate to contact our Customer Relationship Managers Jan Erik Christensen, at  or Milla Chen, at We look forward to hearing from you and helping your business succeed in China.